Stucco is a very fine mass or paste composed of a base material: lime, plaster or cement that is mixed with other materials such as marble dust, etc. used since ancient times as wall and ceiling coverings.
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- 1 The Usos
- 2 History
- 3 Classification
- 1 Other classification
- 4 sources
- Decorative element used in artistic finishes
- Modeled or finished like sculptures.
- Used since ancient times, the Romansused it in their constructions, based on the knowledge inherited from ancient Greece .
- In the Renaissanceits use was more widespread and its application began in French palaces (they learned it from the Italians).
- From France it was transmitted with more or less success to other artisans and masters in Europewho would take it to America .
As stucco is a term that defines a category of materials and not a material itself, it is difficult to classify them. In general terms it can be classified into:
- Traditional classical stuccos: those made with the techniques and materials that were used until the 19th century, such as plaster, marble and slaked lime stuccos.
- Synthetic stuccos: they are products obtained by mixing different materials and chemical formulations that are sold already manufactured and their composition is based on a patented mixture. They have been very popular in the United States since the 1950s.
- Modern stuccos: as plastic stucco contains synthetic resins, generally acrylic, they serve as a final coating, replacing paint, they are easier to apply than the traditional ones, they come ready to apply.
- Scraped Stucco: Finish given to stucco by passing a toothed tool over the surface of the stucco before it sets.
- Pebble stucco: Exterior finish of a wall made by inlaying pebbles or pressing them against the surface of the stucco.
- Sprayed and ironed stucco: Finish given to sprayed stucco by troweling the protruding areas before it sets.
- Lime and portland cement stucco: Stucco made with portland cement and a portion greater than 50% of its volume, which allows an improvement in its plasticity.
- Portland cement stucco: Stucco made with portland cementand a portion of lime less than 50% of its volume.
- Chopped and ironed stucco: Exterior finish of a stuccoed wall achieved by troweling before it sets.
- Sprayed stucco: Process by which a finish is provided by throwing mortar against a wall or by means of a special machine or pneumatic gun.
- Marble dust stucco: Form of stucco in which marble dust and lime mortar are used. Also called marmoration.