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Stucco is a very fine mass or paste composed of a base material: lime, plaster or cement that is mixed with other materials such as marble dust, etc. used since ancient times as wall and ceiling coverings.


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  • 1 The Usos
  • 2 History
  • 3 Classification
    • 1 Other classification
  • 4 sources


  • Coating
  • Decorative element used in artistic finishes
  • Modeled or finished like sculptures.


  • Used since ancient times, the Romansused it in their constructions, based on the knowledge inherited from ancient Greece .
  • In the Renaissanceits use was more widespread and its application began in French palaces (they learned it from the Italians).
  • From France it was transmitted with more or less success to other artisans and masters in Europewho would take it to America .


As stucco is a term that defines a category of materials and not a material itself, it is difficult to classify them. In general terms it can be classified into:

  • Traditional classical stuccos: those made with the techniques and materials that were used until the 19th century, such as plaster, marble and slaked lime stuccos.
  • Synthetic stuccos: they are products obtained by mixing different materials and chemical formulations that are sold already manufactured and their composition is based on a patented mixture. They have been very popular in the United States since the 1950s.
  • Modern stuccos: as plastic stucco contains synthetic resins, generally acrylic, they serve as a final coating, replacing paint, they are easier to apply than the traditional ones, they come ready to apply.

Other classification

  • Scraped Stucco: Finish given to stucco by passing a toothed tool over the surface of the stucco before it sets.
  • Pebble stucco: Exterior finish of a wall made by inlaying pebbles or pressing them against the surface of the stucco.
  • Sprayed and ironed stucco: Finish given to sprayed stucco by troweling the protruding areas before it sets.
  • Lime and portland cement stucco: Stucco made with portland cement and a portion greater than 50% of its volume, which allows an improvement in its plasticity.
  • Portland cement stucco: Stucco made with portland cementand a portion of lime less than 50% of its volume.
  • Chopped and ironed stucco: Exterior finish of a stuccoed wall achieved by troweling before it sets.
  • Sprayed stucco: Process by which a finish is provided by throwing mortar against a wall or by means of a special machine or pneumatic gun.
  • Marble dust stucco: Form of stucco in which marble dust and lime mortar are used. Also called marmoration.


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