Essay on the Continent of Asia

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Apart from being the continent of disparities and the primordial land of all religions, the rivers here have been the cradle of human civilization and culture. Asia comes in the first place in the world in terms of area and population, 29.5% of the total area of ​​the world and about 60% of the population resides, the total area of ​​Asia is 4 crore 40 lakh 9 thousand square kilometers.

The word Asia is derived from the Hebrew word Ashu, which literally means the sun rising from the east, the Bering Strait separates Asia from North America and connects the Arctic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean.

The Strait of Hormuz is located between the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman or between Iran and Oman.


The world’s largest salt water lake is the Caspian Sea, with an area of ​​3.5 million square kilometers, in which the Don and Ural rivers fall, in the east, Kazakhstan, in the south, Iran in the west, Azerbaijan in the west and Turkmenistan in the south-east.


Lake Baikal, the world’s deepest lake, originates from the Lena River, located in Russia, this region is also called the Siberia region. The main tribes of the Siberia region are Yakun Chukchi and Semyon.

The coldest place in Asia is Burkhoyansk, whose minimum temperature remains up to minus 68 ° C. It is located in Russia, while the hottest place in Asia is Jacobabad, whose maximum temperature remains up to 57 ° C. It is located in Pakistan.

The temperate grasslands of Eurasia are called steppes, the world’s longest rail route passes through these grasslands, from the sea-fall city of the Baltic Sea in European Russia to St. Pittsburgh in the Pacific Ocean in Asian Russia. adds up.

Russia and Turkey are two such countries whose expansion is in both the continents of Asia and Europe, where Russia located in Asia is called Siberia and Turkey located in Asia is called Asia Minor. The world’s highest newly folded mountain is the Himalayas, the highest mountain peak of this mountain is Mount Everest, which is known as Sagarmatha in Nepal, its height is 8848 meters.


The lowest point of Asia is the Dead Sea, which is located in Jordan and Israel, the salinity of the Dead Sea is 238 per thousand grams Dead Sea is being developed as a health tourism, it is the second largest in the world after the forest lake in Turkey. The

Arakan Yoma mountain range forms the border of India and Myanmar, a large salt water lake, its highest mountain peak is Mount Victoria, the southern part of this mountain extends to the Andaman and Nicobar Deep Group. Is. The largest peninsula in the world is the Arabian Peninsula, besides the Indian Peninsula and the Indochina Peninsula are located in Asia.


The largest island in Asia is Bornia, which is the third largest island in the world, the largest island in the world is Indo Nesia. The Strait of Malacca is located between Malaysia and Indonesia, it connects the South China Sea with the Andaman Sea.


Disputes continue between China, Vietnam, Malaysia and the Philippines over the Spartily Islands located in the South China Sea, China asserts its rights over these islands. For this, the International Court of Justice cites Nine Des Lines, it has been rejected.

Between Sumatra and Java is the Sunda Strait, which connects the Indian Ocean with the Java Sea. The Ganges and Brahmaputra rivers form the world’s largest delta of the Sundarbans, Majuli, the world’s largest river island, is located in the Brahmaputra river. Japan is a country situated on 4000 islands, it is also called the country of earthquakes and sunrise.

The highest plateau in the world is the Pamir plateau, which is located in Tajikistan, its height is 4900 meters, it is called the roof of the world. The Karakoram range is the Suleiman Hindukush Mountains, Than Sayan, Kyun Lun, etc.

The largest plateau in the world is the Tibetan plateau with an area of ​​7.5 million square kilometers. There are 12 landlocked countries in Asia, which are Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Nepal, Bhutan, Laos, Azerbaijan and Armenia, that is, the border of these countries is not bordered by the sea.

The world’s highest saltwater lake in Asia is Paigang Lake located in Ladakh and Tibet.
The highest rainfall place in the world, Masinram is located in Meghalaya. China is the second largest fishing country in the world. Japan is in second place.

Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia are among the largest rubber producing and exporting countries in Asia.
China ranks first in the world in the production of wheat, rice, cotton, tea and tobacco. The major countries of Asia are India-Pakistan Afghanistan Nepal Bhutan Bangladesh Sri Lanka Maldives Myanmar Malaysia Indonesia China Japan Saudi Arabia Yemen Oman Qatar Kuwait Bahrain Iran Iraq Syria Turkey Jordan Lebanon Cyprus Israel and Palestine.

Pakistan is called the country of canals, due to the tributaries of the river Indus flowing in Pakistan, Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi Beas, Sutlej and Kabul etc. Many canals have been extracted from this river, the main food crop of Pakistan is wheat and cash crop is cotton. The sixth census of Pakistan was completed in 2017.


According to which the population of Pakistan is 20.77 million, which is 57% more than the previous census. The capital of Pakistan is Islamabad while the largest city is Karachi. Afghanistan was known as Khorasan in medieval times. It serves as a buffer state between British India and Russia. stayed in


Most of Afghanistan’s population is Sunni Muslims. It produces about 90% of the world’s opium. The capital of Afghanistan is Kabul. Is.

Nepal is a buffer state between India and China. Nepal is bordered by three states of India, namely, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. Nepal being a Himalayan state, is also included in the category of landlocked countries. Nepal’s capital is Kathmandu. The highest mountain peak Mount Everest is located in Nepal. Nepal has the highest potential for hydroelectric power generation. The population of Nepal is mostly composed of Sherpa, Gorkha and Bhotia group.

Bhutan, also known as the Land of Thunderbolt, is also included in the category of landlocked countries. Thimphu is the capital of Bhutan. It is the only country in the world which has adopted the Gross National Happiness Index. Talk about celebrating the day.

Bangladesh was known as East Pakistan before 1971. Bangladesh came into existence in 1971. Most of Bangladesh is made up of the world’s largest Ganges Brahmaputra delta. It is known as Sundarbans Delta. Bangladesh is also known as the land of rivers. The capital of Bangladesh is Dhaka.

The name of the coconut-shaped country separated by the Pak Water Treaty in the south of India is Sri Lanka, the longest river of Sri Lanka is the Mahaveli Ganga. Rice is the main food crop here, the same tea is a big source of national income. Sri Lanka is called the pearl of the East. The administrative capital of Sri Lanka is Sri Jayawardenepur Kotti and the economic capital is Colombo. The Sihali community is a majority in Sri Lanka and the Tamils ​​are a minority, the Habantota port is being constructed by China in Sri Lanka.

The smallest nation in South Asia is the Maldives. It is separated from the Indian Minicoy island by an 8 degree channel. The Maldives is a group of 1200 small islands. Maldives gained independence from independence in 1968, the capital of Maldives is Male.

Myanmar, the country of the Golden Pagoda, is located in the east of India. considered illegal immigrants.

Malaysia is divided into two parts, namely the Malaya Peninsula and the northern part of the island of Borneo. Indonesia is a group of about 13000 islands, but only 6000 islands are inhabited by humans, its area is about 1900000 square kilometer.

China is the most populous country in the world, in terms of area, the fourth largest country is the Indus, the Sutlej, the Brahmaputra, the Salvin and the Mankong, the world’s highest plateau. The Tibetan plateau is under the control of China. The cold desert of Takla Makan in the north of China And the Gobi desert is located, China’s big rivers drain their water into the Pacific Ocean. China’s climate is modified monsoon. China is the largest producer of wheat and rice in the world. China also ranks first in the production of cotton, China’s capital is Beijing.

Japan is also called Nippon, the country of sunrise, Great Britain of the East and the country of flowers. It has about 3900 islands. Japan is second in the world after China in the fisheries industry. Japan’s capital is Tokyo.

Saudi Arabia is the largest country in Southwest Asia in terms of area. It covers about 80% of the Arabian Peninsula, its capital is Riyadh. It ranks first in the world in the storage and export of mineral oil.

Yemen is located in the southwest of Asia, it is separated from the African country of Djibouti by the Baba Al Mandev Water Treaty, its capital is heard. Bahrain is an island nation located in the Persian Gulf and its capital is Manama.

Iraq’s neighboring country Kuwait is a small country in area and rich in mineral oil, its capital is Al Quwait. Qatar is a monarchical country, its capital is Doha, it is a desert peninsula, the capital of Oman is Muscat. Iran is a Shia Muslim country, the literal meaning of the word Iran is the country of the Aryans, the highest mountain peak of Iran is Daimaband, the capital of Iran is Tehran.

Iraq is the largest producer and exporter of dates in the world, its capital is Baghdad. The Mesopotamian civilization was the land of the ancient Meso-Potamian civilization.

Syria is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the west and Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east and Jordan to the south, where many people had to be displaced due to the terror of the major terrorist organization Islamic State of Iraq and Syria. Turkey is called the gateway to Asia, 2% of Turkey is located in Europe, the capital of Turkey is Ankara.


Monarchy prevails in Jordan The capital of Jordan is Amman. Lebanon is called the Switzerland of the East, its capital is Beirut. The capital of Cyprus is Nicosia. Israel was established on May 18, 1948 by separating from Palestine, more than a third of the country’s population is settled by people who have come from abroad, Israel’s capital is Jerusalem.

Palestine is considered the birthplace of Islam, Christianity and Judaism, the literal meaning of the word Palestine is Holy Land.


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