Essay on Poverty Elimination Essay on Poverty Elimination In Hindi : Hello friends, welcome to today’s essay. Today we are telling here a short essay, speech, article on the measures to eradicate poverty (poverty / poverty), efforts and schemes of the government.
Essay on Poverty Alleviation | Essay on Poverty Elimination In Hindi
Poverty prevention measures
- To generate employment– For this, instead of big industries, small and cottage industries and agricultural employment can be promoted.
- Distributive justice– Along with the production of wealth, its distribution should also be equally among all classes.
- Man Land Ownership– Per capita land ownership is decreasing day by day. Therefore, production should be increased by the developed techniques so that poverty can be prevented by controlling unemployment in the agricultural sector.
- controlling population growth
- Eliminating black money– This social problem has become a topic of nationwide debate in present-day India. Black money is such property or income raised through illegal or illegal means which is hidden to avoid tax. According to an estimate, if the black money deposited abroad is brought back to India, if it is included in the expansion of infrastructure facilities and included in the economy, then the rate of high growth can be achieved in India. As a result, if there is an increase in employment, then poverty can automatically be removed.
- Decentralization of schemes and their successful implementation should be entrusted to Gram Panchayats and Municipalities/City Councils for making various government schemes and providing employment.
- Programs like NREGA should also be implemented in urban areas.
- Other measures– To make time bound result oriented action plan, to cut unnecessary government expenditure, to encourage term lending institutions, to provide funds to voluntary organizations engaged in public welfare work, to provide training to youth in technical fields like computer electronic business.
- To properly implement and promote women self-reliance centered programs, a team of officers and experts should be formed who are dedicated to the work oriented program, taking help of NGOs etc.
Various schemes and programs for poverty alleviation
Various schemes and programs related to poverty alleviation can be clarified under the following heads.
- five year plans
- community development program
- Twenty point program of poverty alleviation
- Other Miscellaneous Schemes
The Planning Commission was formed in the year 1950, headed by the Prime Minister of India. The main function of the Planning Commission is to prepare five year plans by conducting a comprehensive survey of the needs and resources of the country.
The First Five Year Plan was made in 1951 and the Tenth Five Year Plan ended in 2007. In these plans, the goal of poverty alleviation was given place as the basic objective.
Before the 1970s, the Government of India had set a target of infrastructural development in agriculture and industry till the Fourth Plan, so that under the Integrated Development Five Year Plan, issues like poverty alleviation, unemployment, income inequality, poverty, increase in employment and productivity, population control and health education for all. as accepted.
Under these schemes, the government had tried to take almost all possible steps to eradicate poverty. Similarly, the target of reducing poverty from 26 per cent to 21 per cent by the Tenth Five Year Plan 2007 has been set while the 11th plan aims to bring poverty down to 16 per cent.
The Community Development Program 1952, run by the Government of India for poverty alleviation, holds a very important place.
Under this, all such programs have been included such as community development schemes, intensive agriculture programmes, emphasis on the use of advanced fertilizers, seeds and technology, tribal development programs, rural employment programs etc. which can play a positive role in the direction of poverty alleviation.
The process of nationalization in India started in 1969, in this sequence 14 banks were nationalized first. The policy of nationalization was adopted to implement the slogan Garibi Hatao.
Coal mines and wholesale trade in food grains were nationalized in 1972-73. Assisted with the upgrade. The purpose of nationalization was to raise the standard of living of the poor, but the situation did not change much.
In July 1975, the then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi announced a twenty-point program with the aim of ending poverty and economic exploitation and uplifting the weaker sections of the society. The program had five important goals.
- control price rise
- production incentive
- rural welfare
- Relief to the urban middle class
- Prevention of economic and social crimes
The provisions included in the Twenty Point Program to achieve these goals were as follows. Increase in irrigation potential, increase in production for rural employment, distribution of surplus land, minimum wages to agricultural labourers, resettlement of bonded labour.
Development of scheduled castes and tribes, development of residential facilities, increase in electricity generation, family planning, tree plantation, expansion of primary health facilities, welfare programs for women and children, expansion of primary education, strengthening of public distribution system, industrial policies Simplification, control of black money, improvement of drinking water facilities and development of internal resources.
The Twenty Point Program was implemented in a modified form in 1986. In the new twenty-point program, issues like poverty alleviation, increase in production, reduction in income inequality, removal of social and economic inequality and improvement in living standards were targeted.
The new twenty point program also could not fulfill the set objectives. The reason for this dissatisfaction was presented by other development programs by the state and central governments.
Many other programs are being run for poverty alleviation in India with the mutual cooperation of the central and state governments. So that qualitative improvement can be brought in the economic, social and educational condition of the poor.
These schemes and programs include works like Integrated Rural Development Programme, training of rural youth for self-employment, National Rural Development Programme, Jawahar Rozgar Yojana, Pradhan Mantri Rozgar Yojana, Saraswati Yojana, Dwarkara and free education. The National Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) program has also been a commendable effort of the government in this direction.