Essay essay on Maharashtra state in hindi : Hello friends, in today’s article, we will learn about the history and brief information culture of the state in Maharashtra, one of the rich states of the country
Essay on Maharashtra on Maharashtra State in Hindi
The word Maharashtra is formed by the combination of two words Maha and Rashtra which literally means great country. Maharashtra has been the birthplace of Bal Gangadhar Tilak Dada Bhai Naoroji Veer Savarkar Gandhiji’s guru Gopal Krishna Gokhale.
Maharashtra is included in the rich and prosperous states, the capital of Maharashtra is Mumbai. Which is the most beautiful city here. Mumbai is the second largest city of India.
Maharashtra, which is the economic capital of the country as well as the largest city, is a leading state in the field of industry, about a quarter of the total industrial production of India is produced here.
It gives meaningful meaning to its name due to its unique geographical identity and cultural heritage. People here can even give sacrifice for their culture.
The northern geographical boundary of Maharashtra forms the Satpura Mountains and in the west lies the Arabian Sea, most of Maharashtra is formed from basalt blocks.
The highest mountain peak of the state is Kalsubai, whose height is 1646 meters, the neighboring states of Maharashtra are Goa Karnataka Telangana Gujarat Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh.
The major rivers of Maharashtra are Tapti, Narmada and Godavari. Tapti and Narmada form huge valleys.
The other rivers are Bhima, Panganga, Mula Purna and Panchganga. The Western Ghats located in the west of the state are important from the point of view of biodiversity. Lonar lake is situated in Maharashtra.
Maharashtra is the state with the most dams in India, but unfortunately most of the dams are dry due to which there is a shortage of drinking water in summer.
The total area of Maharashtra is 307713 square kilometer, it is the second largest state of India in terms of area, which is 9.36% of the total area of the country.
The average temperature of the state is 25 to 28 degree centigrade and the average annual rainfall is 400 to 600 mm, the main crops of the state are maize, rice, jowar and bajra.
There are three national parks located in Maharashtra, Tadoba National Park, Nagjira National Park and Gugamal National Park. The state animal of Maharashtra is the Indian giant squirrel and the state bird is the yellow-footed green pigeon, while the mango has been given the status of the state tree and the Jarul as the state flower.
India’s largest onion market is located in Nashik Reserve Bank of India branch in Nagpur, Maharashtra. This is the only branch which is not located in any state capital.
The known history of Maharashtra is as old as the southern sites of India’s Indus Valley Civilization were discovered in Maharashtra, after that this region was the center of industry and trade. .
The ruler who made the most plans in the medieval period, Mohammed bin Tughlaq, shifted his capital to Daulatabad, which is located in Maharashtra.
Later, most of the state remained under the Bahmani Sultans, later the Marathas fought with the Mughals and established power, after that the Peshwa dynasty ruled here for a long time and took iron from the British.
Mumbai remained the main focal point of the British rule and industries were established here, India’s first railway was run between Mumbai to Thane on 16 April 1853.
After the attainment of independence, on the basis of the reorganization of the states done on linguistic basis, the new states of Gujarat and Maharashtra were formed on 1 May 1960 by dividing the Mumbai state into two parts, hence Maharashtra Day is celebrated on 1 May.
The current population of Maharashtra has crossed 12 crores, the population of only 11 countries in the world is more than the population of Maharashtra. Maharashtra is also called a civilized state.
Half of its population lives in cities, Mumbai and Pune have 30% of the state’s population, Maharashtra has a bicameral legislature.
In which there are 288 members of the Legislative Assembly and 78 members of the Legislative Council, there are 36 districts in Maharashtra, the number of Lok Sabha constituencies in Maharashtra is 48 and 19 members are elected to the Rajya Sabha. The main languages of the state are Marathi, English and Konkani.
Maharashtra is a prosperous state from the point of view of tourism. Hundreds of caves and the architecture done in them are the center of attraction for tourists, Mumbai is a major tourist destination.
Where the film industry Gateway of India Marine Drive, Juhu Beach, Mani Bhawan and Siddhivinayak is a place to visit, apart from this, there are many places of interest in Pune city. Maharashtra is the only state in India where metro is operated in two cities Mumbai and Pune.
Aurangabad’s Ajanta Ellora Caves, many hill stations, Daulatabad, Mumbai and Pratapgarh, forts and major monuments, Chand Minar, Lal Mahal and Kesariwada are famous for their historical importance and artwork.
Maharashtra has a majority of Hindu population. Among the major festivals of the state, Ganesh Chaturthi is celebrated with great pomp.
Apart from this, Holi, Deepawali, Dussehra, Eid, Christmas and Goons Padwa Narli Purnima and Mahashivratri festivals have special significance in the culture of the state, apart from these, Ajanta Ellora Festival and Elephanta Festival of Aurangabad, Maharashtra are world famous.
Glimpses of the state’s culture can be seen in the folk dances here, the major folk dances are Dhangari Lavani, Povadas, Tamasha and Koli, besides Kala and Dindi are the main religious dances.
Bhaleri of Maharashtra is a popular folk song among the workers here, whose tune can be heard from the people working in the fields and in the industries.
Apart from this, Bharud and Tumbadi are the main folk songs which are heard on the occasion of various festivals and events.