Essay on Bihar State

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Essay on Bihar State | essay on bihar state in hindi :  Hello friends, today we will know in detail about the history, culture of Bihar, the important state of India, through an essay on Bihar.

Essay on bihar state in hindi

Bihar was famous for being the birthplace of Jainism and Buddhism, as well as the ancient vast Magadha Empire, whose capital was Pataliputra, the birth place of poet Kokil Vidyapati and the first President of India, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, as well as being the birthplace of Mother Sita. .

In this way, Bihar is a historical state, the capital of the present day is Patna. With the increase in the number of Buddhist monks, the number of Buddhist monks increased here, the place of residence of Buddhist monks is called Vihara and from this Vihar this state got its name Bihar.

Geographically, Nepal is situated in the north of Bihar and Jharkhand in the south, while it is bordered by Uttar Pradesh in the west and West Bengal in the east.


The total area of ​​Bihar is 94163 square kilometer and population is 10,40,99,452. Most of the part of Bihar is plain which is divided into three parts namely Terai region, Bangar region and Khadar region.

Among the major rivers of Bihar are Ganga Kosi Kamala Bagmati Gandak Ghaghara Son Punpun Falgu Keel etc.

Nature and history have also blessed Bihar, many tourist places are also located here, in which the world famous Nalanda University World Peace Stupa Sher Shah Suri Sasaram’s Tomb Ashok Pillar Vaishali Water Temple Pawapuri Bodh Gaya Dev Sun Temple is prominent.

Since ancient times, Bihar has played an important role in Indian history. Relics have been found in the Chirand region of the Stone Age, Magadha had a special significance in the Mahajanapada period.


After that, Bihar remained the focal point of politics even in the Maurya and Gupta periods, the universities of medieval India, Vikramshila and Nalanda were the centers of major education and spread their fame on the world level.

Many places of Bihar were involved in the major centers of the revolution of 1857. Bihar was the main center of the state movements in the freedom movement of India. In 1905, the state of Bihar was established as a result of the partition of Bengal.


Later in 1936, a new state was carved out of Odisha and in 2000, Jharkhand was carved out of Bihar and established as a new state.

At present there are 243 assembly constituencies in the state of Bihar, 16 members are elected from Bihar for the Rajya Sabha and there are 40 Lok Sabha constituencies, after Uttar Pradesh, the maximum number of Lok Sabha constituencies is in Bihar.

Bihar is a Hindi speaking state as well as Urdu, Maithili, Bhojpuri, Mangdhi and Angika are also spoken, one third of the population of Bihar is Maithili speaking. The official language of Bihar is Hindi, English and Maithili.

Despite being hundreds of years old, the world famous Mithila painting of Bihar is still famous for its attractive style.


At present, whether it is the country’s biggest civil service examination or service sector, people of Bihar have raised their flag everywhere.

The recent hit movie Super Thirty is also related to Bihar where there is a coaching institute called Super Thirty which was also mentioned by American Magazine.


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