Essay on Akbar the Great Essay on Akbar the Great in Hindi: Hello friends, you are warmly welcomed and greeted. Information about the Mughal emperor Akbar is given in this essay, speech, speech, article. Students who want to get information about Akbar can take the help of this essay.
Essay on Akbar the Great in Hindi
When we study history, we are usually taught about the rulers of history. Some rulers were bad and some people treated them as son-in-law and treated them very affectionately. Often he was given the title of great emperor who settled in the hearts of the people. Among the great ancient rulers of India, the names of Chandragupta Maurya, Maharana Pratap, Shivaji, Prithviraj Chauhan etc. are also taken. Akbar, a ruler of modern history, was glorified by our historians and also given the title of a great ruler and builder of India.
Akbar’s rule can be called the best among the Mughal rulers. He was quite liberal as compared to other cruel Mughal and his predecessors. Due to his greatness and valor, he compared Akbar with the works of public welfare of Alexander of Greece, Napoleon of France, Philip II of Spain and Louis XVI of France as well as our past illustrious emperors Ashoka and Chandragupta Maurya and described him as a great ruler. goes.
Akbar is shown as a unique gem of history as a courageous soldier, heroic warrior, successful general, great warrior, Prajavatsal ruler, art lover, literary fanatic, liberal, tolerant and a ruler who considers all religions equal. Akbar’s rule from the Sultanate period of Delhi to the end of British rule is considered to be a period of happiness and prosperity of the subjects.
Akbar, who belonged to the Mughal family, was the grandson of Babur and the son of Humayun. Its full name was Jalaluddin Mohammad Akbar. It was born on 15 October 1942 in the fort of Amarkot located in present-day Pakistan. His mother’s name was Hamidabanu Begum. After the death of Humayun, there was a long period of difficulties in his life.
After the death of Humayun, Prime Minister Bairam Khan acted wisely to avoid the possibility of political rebellion. The news of Humayun’s death was kept hidden for almost 17 days. During this period, on 14 February 1556, Akbar was coronated and declared the next emperor of the Mughal Sultanate. Bairam Khan was appointed the Prime Minister of this state.
When Akbar took the throne, there were many big problems in front of him, which he had to deal with in his early stages. The biggest question was to protect the small state of Delhi, Punjab and its surroundings as an inheritance from his father Humayun. The major problem was the absence of an organized army and facing powerful Rajput rivals.
Akbar was only thirteen years old in his age, the fear of betraying him by his loved ones also remained equal. Despite being surrounded in internal and external circumstances, there was an auspicious sign for him, Bairam Khan, who was appointed as the patron and prime minister of the state, used to fulfill all the responsibilities of governance. It was with the help of Bairam Khan that he imprisoned Shahabul Mali, who was Akbar’s biggest rival. The first victory of Akbar’s life came in the battle of Panipat in 1556 against Afghani Hemu.
In this way, Akbar liberated Kabul and after 1560 AD, Akbar conquered Malwa and after this his conquest of the Afghans, the feudal Khanzaman of Jaunpur, Merta, Gondwana, Chittor, Ranthambore, Kalinjar, Marwar, Bikaner, Gujarat , Bihar, Bengal, Mewar etc. succeeded in expanding the kingdom, after which he conquered the northwestern Kandahar region, Kabul and Balochistan and took all the borders of India under his jurisdiction.
Akbar was married in 1562 with Jodha Bai, daughter of Rajput king Bharmal of Amer. She was the third wife of Akbar. The affair of Akbar and Jodha Bai was very popular. Akbar’s son and successor Jahangir was the son of Jodha Bai. Jodha Bai’s real name was Hira Kunwari. With the death of Jodha Bai in 1623, it was buried right near the grave of Akbar.
Emperor Akbar’s confidant & Prime Minister and patron Bairam Khan married his wife Salima when he was killed during a religious journey. It is read in the accounts of history that there were a total of five thousand women in Akbar’s harem, mostly Hindus. It is claimed that he had the freedom to live according to his religion, but naming Jodha Bai according to the custom of Islam and burial in the tomb only tells how true the claims that Akbar was a great liberal and tolerant. In his southern policy, Akbar expanded his kingdom to Ahmednagar and Asirgarh.
It was necessary for Akbar to have good relations with the Rajput rulers to establish rule over Delhi for a long time. Taking the work of understanding and diplomacy, he suppressed some kings, established friendly relations with some, and also made matrimonial relations with some. Akbar defeated the fort of the native kings under the Rajput policy and gave them that princely state in the jagir. In this way, using the power of those kings in his own interest, he achieved some degree of success in the campaign against the rebellious Rajput.
It is considered the most tolerant of all the Mughal rulers. The radical Islamic policy was abandoned to some extent but taxes like jizya were again imposed on non-Muslims. People of other religions had limited freedom to worship in their own way. For Hindu-Muslim coordination, Akbar started a new sect called Din-e-Ilahi.
He raised many Rajput feudatories to high positions in his court, appointed Hindu people in many military and civil works. Taking many steps towards social reform, Akbar tried to create awareness about evils in the society by imposing partial ban on child marriage, female slaughter, polygamy, alcoholism, alcoholism, cow slaughter. He established the city of Shaitanpur for the prevention of prostitution and also appointed a inspector there.
In order to promote Hindu-Muslim unity, Akbar insisted on celebrating Hindu festivals like Raksha Bandhan, Diwali etc. as Nauroj and Shivratri as Shabebarat. Akbar also took many other measures in the direction of making the Hindu followers more tolerant of their food habits and their customs. Like mosques for Muslims, Sanskrit schools were opened for Hindus. With the help of Persian translators, Hindu texts were also translated into Arabic and Persian.
Emperor Akbar was also a lover of art. During his reign, he was considered a great connoisseur of painting, music and architecture. Many historical buildings were also constructed in sync with Hindu and Muslim styles. Fatehpur Sikri, Rani Jodha Bai’s palace and Agra Fort are notable among these palaces and buildings. Hindu and Iranian style paintings are also seen in these places.
In Akbar’s court, scholars and art lovers were given great respect. Among the nine jewels of the court, Shaikh Faizi, Abul Fazal, Mulla Abdul Qadir Badayuni, Birbal, Raja Todarmal, Abdul Rahim Khankhana, Mansingh, Tansen etc. used to beautify. Many Hindu music personalities were also in Akbar’s court, who were the main ones like Tansen, Ramdas, Baiju Bawra etc.
He also issued many coins, some of which were of Muslim method and some of Ram Sita coins of Hindu method. A great contribution of Emperor Akbar’s rule was unity and harmony in the state. For this, he established a kind of tax system, revenue creatures, equal facilities, industry and equality in agriculture and trade. It is believed that at the time of Akbar, the people were happy, people were happy. It is said that Akbar’s annual income was more than three hundred crores.
In conclusion, it can be said that Akbar was also one of the rulers of good governance of the medieval period. Giving the introduction of code policy and foresight, many historical policies were made in the interest of the people of the state, which were adopted by other rulers in the course of time. By giving religious, social, economic and cultural freedoms to the common people, the state was given a well organized form.